1. Leaf Removal:
    • Given the diversity of deciduous trees, expect a significant amount of leaves. Collect and compost these leaves, ensuring those from diseased plants are discarded separately.
  2. Perennials:
    • After the first touch of frost, trim back dead foliage to deter potential pests.
    • Divide and reposition perennials that have grown expansive or show reduced vigor.
    • Use markers to label perennial locations for an organized spring gardening experience.
  3. Annuals:
    • Once affected by the frost, remove and compost the remains of healthy annuals.
  4. Lawn Care:
    • Continue mowing until signs of grass dormancy appear.
    • Use a fall-friendly fertilizer to nourish grassroots.
    • If certain sections of the lawn appear compacted, consider aeration.
  5. Trees & Shrubs:
    • Remove dead or damaged branches, postponing intensive pruning for late winter.
    • Ensure that young or newly settled trees and shrubs receive abundant water until the ground starts to freeze.
  6. Bulbs:
    • Fall is an ideal time to sow bulbs that will flower come spring.
    • After the initial frost, dig up and store bulbs sensitive to winter’s cold.
  7. Vegetable Garden:
    • Harvest the last crops before severe frosts take over.
    • Clear out any lingering plant debris to minimize the risk of pests and diseases.
    • Consider planting garlic now for a rewarding summer harvest.
  8. Garden Tools & Equipment:
    • Clean, sharpen, and store garden tools in a safe place.
    • Ensure power equipment undergoes end-of-season maintenance to keep them in optimal condition.
  9. Compost:
    • Turn and layer your compost pile, integrating the fallen leaves of the season.
  10. Mulching:
    • As the cooler end of fall approaches, protect perennial beds with an insulating layer of mulch, such as straw or shredded leaves, to safeguard plant roots from sporadic freeze-thaw cycles.
  11. Garden Structures:
    • Inspect and reinforce structures like raised beds, trellises, and fences, ensuring they’re set for the winter months.
  12. Water Features:
    • Turn off and securely store water pumps and prepare any water features to prevent freeze damage.
  13. Protection:
    • Use protective measures like burlap to shield young or susceptible trees and shrubs, ensuring their survival through winter’s challenges.
  14. Planning for Next Year:
    • Reflect on this year’s gardening endeavors, noting what thrived and what might need a different approach. Start your preparations for the upcoming spring.

It’s always beneficial to leverage the expertise and knowledge available at Sylvan Nursery when planning your garden tasks for the season.